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This study investigates the influence of self-regulation on physical activity in adolescents and examines the relation of self-regulation to aerobic performance in adolescents and adults. Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999–2004, we compared adolescent and adult performance in aerobic and resistance exercise, and we assessed the influence of self-regulation skills on aerobic fitness as assessed by the International Assessment of Physical Activity and Health (I-PAA) questionnaire (n = 2470 from 48 states and the District of Columbia). We also assessed the presence of self-regulation skills such as self-directed behavior on the I-PAA Questionnaire. Self-efficacy and self-regulation are significantly related to aerobic fitness, indicating that adolescents who self-regulate more and also exhibit a higher level of self-efficacy and self-regulatory capacities, are more likely to perform better in aerobic activity. Our findings of a relation between self-regulation and aerobic fitness have relevance to the assessment of obesity trends over the last decade. The findings of the above study are consistent with numerous findings reported in recent research in relation to the importance and effectiveness of self-regulation in physical activity (20), and suggest that the implementation of self-regulation skills in physical activity is an effective strategy to motivate adolescent and adult physical activity.

Liu et al., 2011 Liu H.

Ackerlauff S.

Schneider J.

Willett-Smith P.E.

Tullo A.

Chua L.

Werner A.A. Self-monitoring in young and older adults: evidence of the “good boy syndrome.” J. Behav. Ment. Health. 32 : 849-8618 Leinonen et al., 2010 Leinonen A.

Kuronen G.P.

Kantonen J.G.

Pettila L.

Simellä M.

Juhannainen C.

Kuronen K.

Cavalli G.

Pärlö H.

et al. The importance of physical activity for health of the elderly, the elderly and the sedentary: a study of the Finnish Physical Activity and Health Survey . J. Epidemiol. Community Health. 59 : 845-852 Our results of the above study are consistent with other recent findings that a young individual has been demonstrated to have a much better ability to achieve desired physical