It is called “shaft-step”. In traditional dance (Shofar, Dnouj), the dancer was the step-partner, and the dancer’s step consisted of a series of small steps (usually up and back), called the “shaft-step”. At the same time, the dance was characterized by a rhythmic, flowing feeling. The ballet dancer could be an outlandishly talented dancer, but he was simply acting for the entertainment of a crowd. The ballet dancer was not a dancer. He was just a piece of music on a stand.
By the 18th century, the first modern ballet and dance company emerged in Vienna, led by the Russian dancer Mikhail Fedorov.
Fedorov, in the 18th century, was an outstanding figure in the evolution of the Russian ballet. His great skill and daring were apparent in two of the earliest ballet and dance pieces, the “L’Isle de France” and the “The Folly of Youth” and in the famous “Kirkyeia”.
The Kirkyeia was known for its great length that went beyond a half a meter. The dancers danced for three or four hours simultaneously with their partners, and they seemed to be enjoying themselves with each subsequent act even while they worked at the same time. This is a common motif in the first ballet and dance movements of the era.
In the 19th century, many great ballet and dance performances were recorded and published, especially at the Court of the Emperor Frederick and Princess Maria Theresa (the daughter of the great emperor). The most famous of the recorded operas, the work entitled “Swan Lake” was composed by Maria Theresa from her performances.
By the late 19th century, the popularity of ballet had spread to Europe and even the United States. Before this time, in most of the Eastern nations, a dancer would have to train his whole life to become proficient in ballet.
Some dancers had been trained in dance, music, and music-composition; others had studied classical instruments (the violin was an instrument that became very popular in 18th-century Germany). One of the notable dancers with a musical background was the Czech artist Ivan Štul in the late 19th century.
A great deal of interest arose over the years between the dance school and the movement, from classical ballet to modern dance. It was around the same time when ballet was known (under an alternative name) as “Balanchine