The guitar chords were invented by the master guitar virtuoso Al Schmitt. According to Schmitt, these five are basic in the sense that they “constitute an essential mode of the musical structure and set of harmonic relations, and are fundamental” (Wikipedia).
The five chord structures are: V, IV, V, V, IV.
Let’s analyze each chord in detail.
The First String
What kind of chords are there in the first string?
The root note is G (the G major third, which has seven notes).
The A and the E strings play the 1st and 3rd (A and E respectively) and the 6th and 7th (A and E respectively).
The b4 (middle C) is the root note, and the 3rd (C major) is the 1st of any chord, while the 3rd can take the place of the 3rd or the 4th. Thus, the Bb chord gives the first string a tonal center.
The 3rd chords:
The 1st and 3rd play the 3rd of the chord, while the 2nd and 5th play the 2nd or the 5th.
The 6th and 7th play the 6th of the chord, while the 7th (C) plays the 7th.
The IV chords:
The IV plays the 4th or the 5th, while the V chords (C major) are played the 7th.
The 6th, 7th, and 9th chords:
The 6th and 7th are the 5th, 7th, and 9th, respectively, of any chord, whereas the 7th can have the 5th or the 6th.
The V chords are made up of the three fundamental intervals (E-sharp, G-sharp, and B-flat) but use additional semitones to add vibrato to their notes. For example, the I chord (A minor 7th) changes to III (a major 7th). The V and V chords are played with the A and E strings. The II chord (I major 7th) uses the G chord as its root note. So the V-IV-VI chord (V, IV, V, IV) is the basic chord theory.
The V chords:
The 3rd, 6th, 7th, 9th, and 7th (including
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